The rate of suicides, post-traumatic stress, and depression increased in the population around the area. Forests … There are more of effects attributed to Chernobyl destruction phenomena. Noteworthy, the scientists have never observed such process previously. 6. However, this was to a large extent averted by the timely evacuation of residents. Thus, while the magnitude of human exposure through agricultural products has experienced a general decline, high levels of contamination of forest food products have continued and still exceed intervention levels in many countries. Effects . The factors relating to the evacuation of the population: 3. Due to wind and rain and human activities, including traffic, street washing and cleanup, surface contamination by radioactive materials has been reduced significantly in inhabited and recreational areas during 1986 and afterwards. The source document for this Digest states: The report of the Expert Group on environmental consequences covers the issues of radioactive release and deposition, radionuclide transfers and bioaccumulation, application of countermeasures, radiation-induced effects on plants and animals as well as dismantlement of the Shelter and radioactive waste management in the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone. There was the considerable destruction of ecosystems in nature. The second phase lasted until the end of 1991. One of the consequences of these processes has been secondary contamination of sewage systems and sludge storage. Workers and the public were exposed to three main types of radionuclides: iodine-131, cesium-134 and cesium-137. Maybe because three decades have passed since the Chernobyl emergency. The lethal effects in pine needles with an absorbed huge dose of radiation had been visually manifested by the end of the summer of 1986. They did this despite the threat of baby’s terrible mutations. What are the current concerns and needs of affected people? The catastrophe at the Chernobyl station has no analogs: The greatest danger to all living things constitutes radioactive isotopes: These elements cause the long term effects of Chernobyl. In the early months after the accident, the levels radioactivity of agricultural plants and plant-consuming animals was dominated by surface deposits of radionuclides. FIG. by the amount of radiation exposure of plants, animals and humans. 3.1 To what extent have urban areas been contaminated? 3.4 To what extent have water bodies been contaminated? Assessment of the environmental contamination and the resulting radiation exposure of the population was an important part of the International Chernobyl Project in 1990–1991. Radionuclides deposited most heavily on open surfaces in urban areas, such as lawns, parks, streets, roads, town squares, building roofs and walls. It borders Belarus and it acted as the Chernobyl Raion administrative headquarters. Big headlines about the explosion and radiation clouds disappeared from newspaper pages. The locals recount about huge mushrooms growing in the woods, about giant apples and other gifts of the gardens. At present, in most of the settlements subjected to radioactive contamination as a result of Chernobyl, the air dose rate above solid surfaces has returned to the background level predating the accident. Chernobyl radiation poses no threat to human health at the population level. For example, for some people living next to a "closed" Kozhanovskoe Lake in Russia, consumption of fish has dominated their total 137Cs ingestion. ", Source & ©: UN Chernobyl Forum  Chernobyl's Legacy: Health, Environmental and Socio-economic Impacts (2006) How contaminated are the aquatic systems?, p.26. In general, there was a substantial reduction in the transfer of radionuclides to vegetation and animals in intensive agricultural systems in the first few years after deposition, as would be expected due to weathering, physical decay, migration of radio nuclides down the soil and reductions in bioavailability in soil, see Fig. In these areas environmental remediation may still be warranted. Chernobyl nuclear reactor: description and type, Chernobyl sarcophagus: Chernobyl nuclear power plant sarcophagus, Liquidators Chernobyl: who are these people, What happened in Chernobyl: the causes of the accident, Chernobyl Mutations in Humans and Animals, Pripyat. Now, flora and fauna develop with unreal force. 6. How many people died in the Chernobyl accident? Chernobyl children, nowadays and at that date. The catastrophe occurred in late April – in a period of accelerated growth of plants and soil inhabitants. 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