Environmental science is an interdisciplinary academic field that integrates physical, biological and information sciences (including ecology, biology, physics, chemistry, plant science, zoology, mineralogy, oceanography, limnology, soil science, geology and physical geography, and atmospheric science) to the study of the environment, and the solution of environmental problems. These tables provide the word or phrase in the left column and an example of how to use the term(s) in the righthand column to provide context. Ecology. Liquid wastes from communities, which may be a mixture of domestic effluent from homes and liquid waste from industry. This is a glossary of environmental science. These devices must be disposed of carefully to avoid damage to the environment. Ionising radiation includes ultraviolet rays, radon gas and X-rays. Fine solid or liquid particles that pollute the air and are added to the atmosphere by natural and man-made processes at the Earth’s surface. Waste produced in urban areas, mainly made up of household waste but also some small commercial waste that is similar to household waste. Level. The National Adult Literacy Agency(NALA) has developed an A – Z guide containing over 100 explanations of common environmental terms. Water that is collected on the ground or in a stream, river, lake, wetland or ocean. (2004). A situation that arises when the amount of carbon dioxide released into the air equals the amount of carbon dioxide removed from the air, for example by planting trees, or the amount saved by using renewable energy sources to produce the same amount of energy. Source:  National Adult Literacy Agency www.nala.ie, PO Box 3000 Johnstown Castle Estate Wexford, Y35 W821 Tel. Environmental-science. Highly toxic chemicals that can be formed in small amounts from forest fires or volcanoes but more often are produced unintentionally from industrial activities and from incinerating waste and burning fossil fuels. Being unable to heat a home to a safe and comfortable level because of low household income or having to spend more than 10% of household income to heat a home to a comfortable level because the home is not energy efficient. The pattern is affected by the amount of rain or snowfall, average temperatures throughout the year, humidity, wind speeds and so on. ecohousing, ecolabel, ecomaterial. Social as well as scientific in focus, it provides comprehensive coverage of the social aspect of environmental science (including treaties, organisations, and agencies relating to the environment) and ecology, as well as biographies of key figures in the field. In a span of just a few decades, advances and new environmental applications of science, engineering, and their associated technologies have coalesced into a whole new way to see the world. Air is made up of a number of gases, mostly nitrogen and oxygen and, in smaller amounts, water vapour, carbon dioxide and argon and other trace gases. A tiny parasite that can infect people if it is present in drinking water. See also UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. Forecast of emissions into the future taking into account current and future economic and policy developments. This bundle includes 27 crossword puzzles with all the vocabulary students will need for the APES exam. A statement about the expected effects on the environment of a proposed project or development such as a new road or waste water treatment plant, including how any severe effects on the environment will be addressed. Definition . Examples include bye-laws covering waste disposal, traffic or public events or signs. For more information, see the Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland or lo-call 1850 927 000. Liquid transport fuels made from biomass. Preserving or protecting animals and resources such as minerals, water and plants through planned action (such as breeding endangered species) or non-action (such as not letting taps run unnecessarily). & Donohue, J. Short for Building Energy Rating, which says how much energy a home needs for heating, lighting and hot water. remain diverse and produce everything it needs for the ecology to remain in balance A vocabulary list featuring earth science. An engine or machine, usually mounted on a towe, that captures the force of the wind and converts it to electricity. A measure of the amount of carbon dioxide you produce through your lifestyle every day, for example through driving or using electrical appliances and lighting. A system run by the Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland (SEI) to provide grants to homeowners who intend to install in their existing homes a new renewable energy heating system, for example heat  pumps, solar panels or wood chip or pellet boilers. Environmental science definition, the branch of science concerned with the physical, chemical, and biological conditions of the environment and their effect on organisms. If a person is exposed to carbon monoxide over a period, it can cause illness and even death. Environmental science is a quantitative discipline with both applied and theoretical aspects and has been influential in informing the policies of governments around the world. Energy from renewable resources such as wind power, solar energy or biomass. See more. Examples of particulate matter include dust, smoke, soot, pollen and soil particles. limits of components of environmental science and engineering. The pattern of weather in a particular region over a set period of time, usually 30 years. (Source: US EPA). A general term for any chemicals that are used to kill weeds, fungi, insects or other pests. A common radioactive gas emitted from ordinary soils and rock. It includes a website, www.change.ie, which has carbon calculators that can calculate the carbon foootprint of individuals, businesses and local authorities. Small-scale tourism in fragile and protected areas that aims to have a low impact on the environment, benefit local communities and enable tourists to learn more about the natural and cultural history of the place. Ecosystem. Water in its gas form – instead of liquid or solid (ice). Find more similar words at wordhippo.com! A design, usually of a building, that includes environmentally-friendly features such as solar panels, skylights or recycled building materials. A public or private facility that accepts recyclable and non-recyclable materials such as garden and household waste and certain hazardous wastes such as paints, batteries and electrical and electronic devices. A public plan that sets out the development objectives and policies of a local authority for its area. A rating given to electrical appliances such as ovens, washing machines, dishwashers and refrigerators according to how much energy they use. Any waste that can be recycled is then broken down biologically, often through composting, while the rest is usually sent to landfill. considered ideal for gardening and agricultural uses. The plants and animals that are native to a particular area or period of time. But because of the increase in greenhouse gas emissions in recent years, the greenhouse effect is a lot stronger, so leading to global warming. To break waste items down into their raw materials, which are then used to re-make the original item or make new items. It is removed from the atmosphere by photosynthesis in plants and by dissolving in water, especially on the surface of oceans. There is no tax on small bags, such as those for fresh meat or loose fruit and vegetables. A rich soil-like material produced from decayed plants and other organic matter, such as food and animal waste, that decomposes (breaks down) naturally. The harmful release of oil into the environment, usually through water, which is very difficult to clean up and often kills birds, fish and other wildlife. See also global warming, greenhouse gases and radiation. See also renewable energy. A system in which the amount you pay for bin collections depends on the amount of waste you throw away. These gases absorb radiation emitted naturally from the ground, so slowing down the loss of energy from Earth. Click again to see term . Short for ‘mechanical biological treatment’, which is a way of sorting and treating waste. Since 1 January 2009, all homes being sold or rented must have a BER certificate. Environmental Science. The more waste you reduce, reuse, recycle or compost, the less you pay for waste disposal. (Source: US EPA), Sudden spurts of algal growth, which can affect water quality adversely and indicate potentially hazardous changes in local water chemistry. Waste that poses a risk to human health or the environment and needs to be handled and disposed of carefully. Solid fuel, such as charcoal, that does not release smoke when it is burned. Term. For more information on how to check radon levels see our radiation section. ... Continental glacier=A glacier that forms a continuous cover of ice over areas of 50,000 square kilometers or more and spreads outward in all directions under the influence of its own weight. See waste prevention. A vehicle such as a car or small van that is scrapped and sent for recycling. A scheme, run by Sustainable Energy Ireland, that aims to improve the energy efficiency of private owned or rented homes occupied by low income households. Tap card to see definition . Development using land or energy sources in a way that meets the needs of people today without reducing the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Fees paid to local authorities for providing services such as collecting domestic waste. Tap again to see term . See also greenhouse gases and photosynthesis. Carbon Monoxide alarms can be used as a backup to provide a warning to householders in the event of a dangerous build up of carbon monoxide. Because of this, it covers numerous different fields of science, including biology, chemistry, and the Earth sciences. meaning. Most modern and efficient incinerator generate heat and energy from burning waste. See also sustainable tourism. Subject. Pemission to emit to the atmosphere, one tonne of carbon dioxide equivalent, during a specific trading period. Description. Gases such as carbon dioxide and methane, which tend to trap heat radiating from the Earth’s surface, so causing warming in the lower atmosphere. Individuals can choose whether to buy an offset (for example to compensate for air travel), but governments and large industries are sometimes required to buy them to meet international targets aimed at reducing greenhouse gases. Waste collected after a consumer has disposed of it, for example sweet wrappers or packaging from small electronic goods such as mobile phones or MP3 players. For English-language learners, vocabulary related to environmental issues can be challenging.Tables sectioned according to types of environmental issues can help. BER ratings are carried out by BER Assessors registered with the Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland. The major greenhouse gases that cause climate change are carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (NO2). the study of natural processes in the environment and how humans can affect them Click card to see definition . A colourless gas that is naturally produced from animals and people in exhaled air and the decay of plants. A furnace that is designed to burn waste at very high temperatures under controlled conditions and is licensed by national regulatory authorities. An annual competition run by the Department for the Environment, Heritage and Local Government to reward large and small towns around the country for their efforts to maintain and improve their area. See also composting. : to affect: This area was affected by the flood. In the context of climate change, carbon dioxide released when substances, especially oil, gas, and coal, are burned by vehicles and planes, by factories and by homes. AP Environmental Science Vocabulary Flashcards Tags: AP Environmental Science, AP Exams, Entrance Exams, Environmental Science, Environmental Science, Environmental Science, Geography, Humanities & Social Studies, Science. Reducing the degree of intensity of , or eliminating, pollution. This type of radiation is less risky to health because it contains less energy, but it can still be harmful at high levels for a long time. The reduction of trees in a wood or forest due to natural forces or human activity such as burning or logging. An international agreement signed in Japan in 1997, attached to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. Radiation can be ionising or non-ionising. It is titled 'From Air Quality to Zero Emissions'  and the EPA has obtained permission from NALA to publish this information which is outlined below. In this guide, matter from living, or once-living, things. Carbon Monoxide has no smell, taste or colour. A measure of the level of pollution in the air. Biodiversity covers all plants, animals and micro-organisms on land and in water. The waste is first sorted mechanically into materials that can and cannot be recycled. Synonyms for environmental science include conservation, bioecology, bionomics, ecology, environmentalism, hexicology, mesology, oecology, environmental biology and environmental protection. This informative dictionary contains over 8,500 entries on all aspects of environmental science and conservation. In the context of the atmosphere, gases or particles released into the air that can contribute to global warming or poor air quality. See also renewable energy. The portion of land drained by a river and the streams that flow into it. Environmental science and engineering are young professions compared to many other disciplines in the physical and natural sciences and engineering. The scheme trains and offers grants to community organisations to carry out work such as attic insulation, draught proofing, installing lagging jackets and so on. One can but present terms which have appeared in pertinent literature. Two of the major points of view include conservation and preservation of the environment. Environmental science is also very concerned with studying bodies and sources of water. Within the European Union, the label relates to office equipment such as computers and photocopiers. Over the years, there have been many opinions on how to manage public lands. For more information, visit the Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland or lo-call 1850 734 734. Leaves, straw or compost used to cover growing plants to protect them from the wind or cold. A rule made by a local authority to govern activities within the area it controls. Energy harnessed from the wind at wind farms and converted to power. By matching where people work more closely to where they live, the strategy aims to improve people’s quality of life and sense of community, enhance local investment and create a better environment. The Government’s campaign to change how people in Ireland think about climate change and encourage us to change how we behave. The portion of Earth and its atmosphere that can support life (Source: US EPA). A wheelie bin used in some local authorities to collect organic waste such as food and light garden waste (for example grass cuttings). Poisonous or harmful to the body (ecotoxic relates to damage to the environment). Too much exposure to ionising radiation can be harmful, leading to increased risk of cancer. Towns can choose whether to take part and are given marks under a number of headings, such as landscaping, litter control, roads and footpaths, wildlife and natural amenities and residential areas. Browse the list of 3.8k Environmental abbreviations with their meanings and definitions. Not buying it: my year without shopping. List of most popular Environmental terms updated in January 2021 How do you think public land should be managed to deal with these types of environmental issues? A unit, equal to one ton of carbon dioxide, that individuals, companies or governments buy to reduce short-term and long-term emissions of greenhouse gases. The process of planting trees in forest lands to replace those that have been cut down. Much significant legislation, good and bad, was passed before the advent of the Environmental Movement and an even greater amount since that time. Ireland has two World Heritage Sites: the pre-historic sites of Newgrange, Knowth and Dowth in Co. Meath and Skellig Michael, a religious settlement from the 7 th century off the coast of Co. Cork. Noises that disturb the environment and people’s ability to enjoy it, for example continually sounding house alarms, loud music, air conditioning or other electrical units and aircraft or motor engines. Amazon.com. For more information, see the Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland or freephone 1800 250 204. This is not possible for such a dynamic situation. : 053-916 0600Email:info@epa.ieOther EPA locations, Contact us | Disclaimer | Privacy policy | Terms of use | Accessibility statement | Glossary of terms | A-Z Glossary of Environmental Terms (NALA) | Change viewing preferences | Freedom of Information Publication Scheme | Gaeilge, A-Z Glossary of Environmental Terms (NALA), Freedom of Information Publication Scheme. All WEEE left in retail outlets and civic amenity sites are collected for recycling. A measure of the impact our activities have on the environment, especially climate change, often reported as the units of tonnes (or kg) of carbon dioxide each of us produces over a given period of time. The process of deliberately allowing food, garden and other suitable organic wastes to break down naturally over time to produce compost. The payment usually funds projects that generate energy from renewable sources such as wind or flowing water. Gravity. Economics is also a very significant aspect of topics within environmental science. A community of organisms that depend on each other and the environment they inhabit. A panel fixed to the roof of a building that uses special cells to collect energy from the sun and convert it to electricity to heat the building and/or power the lights, appliances or equipment. A change in the climate of a region over time due to natural forces or human activity. Short for ‘compact fluorescent lamp’ bulbs, which are light bulbs that use a fraction of the energy of traditional filament bulbs and last up to five times longer. Short for National Parks and Wildlife Service, which works under the Department of the Environment, Heritage and Local Government to manage and maintain State-owned national parks and nature reserves and protect and preserve Ireland’s native animals and plants. Disposing of waste illegally by not using bins or official recycling centres, civic amenity sites or landfills. Poisonous gases that can harm people and the environment. Members of the public have opportunities to make submissions on the plan before it is agreed. A natural or man-made site that has outstanding universal value and meets at least one of 10 conditions decided by UNESCO, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation. To get rid of an unwanted device, you can bring it to a civic amenity site or leave it with a retailer when you are buying a new device. All types of energy derived from biomass, including biofuels. Under the agreement, which has been in force in Ireland since 2005, industrialised countries promised to reduce their combined greenhouse gas emissions to at least 5 percent below 1990 levels over the period 2008-2012. The greenhouse effect has always existed; without it, Earth would be too cold for plants, animals and people to survive. Click card to see definition . Fuels – such as coal, gas, peat and oil – that are formed in the ground over a long time from dead plants and animals and are used up once they are burned for energy. An engine, motor or other energy source that does not produce any gas or release any harmful gases directly into the environment. Overall, environmental science is the field of science that studies the interactions of the physical, chemical, and biological components of the environment and … A short form of the phrase ‘biological diversity’, which means the variety of life on this planet and how it interacts within habitats and ecosystems. Most food waste can be put into compost, but you should not include meat, bones, cheese, cooking oils and fish. Find more ways to say environmental science, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the world's … Chapter 1-7 key terms. Waste produced within the home, including garden waste. A scheme operated by the Sustainable Energy Authority of  Ireland to provide grants to certain homeowners to improve the energy efficiency of their home. Another word for environmental science. Benefits of a property, such as nearby playgrounds, swimming pools, community centres or parks. Homes are placed on a scale from A to G. A-rated homes need the least amount of energy while G-rated need the most. Sharing a car to a destination to reduce fuel use, pollution and travel costs. A source of fuel made from living and recently-dead plant materials such as wood, leaves and the biodegradable part of industrial and municipal waste. Permission granted by a local authority for new buildings or for extensions, once nobody objects to the plans. A company that provides the public with essentials such as electricity or water. The quality of a river basin affects the quality of water, so efforts to protect and improve water quality must often include plans for managing river basins. Smog can cause eye irritations and breathing problems and damage plant life. The less energy an appliance uses, the better it is for the environment and the more you will save on your bill. A material is said to be radioactive if it emits radiation. See also ecosystem, habitat and organism. (0) Environmental science is defined as a branch of biology focused on the study of the relationships of the natural world and the relationships between organisms and their … Environmental science, interdisciplinary academic field that draws on ecology, geology, meteorology, biology, chemistry, engineering, and physics to study environmental problems and human impacts on the environment. A wheelie bin used in certain local authorities to collect waste that cannot be recycled or composted. Examples include standing charges for bin collections or gas supply. In this guide, getting rid of waste by discarding it into a bin and, when it is collected, by incincerating it or sending it to landfill. Non-ionising radiation includes visible light, radio waves and microwaves. Some gases have a strong smell, for example sulphur dioxide and methane, while others, such as carbon monoxide, do not have any smell at all. The EPA reviews licences and, with local authorities, monitors landfills around the country for emissions. Environmental science is an interdisciplinary science. In this guide, material such as foam or glass wool that is used in homes and other buildings to prevent heat loss, reduce noise and improve comfort. Environment Vocabulary Quiz Directions: Match the vocabulary words on the left with the definitions on the right. The area occupied by a community or species (group of animals or plants), such as a forest floor, desert or sea shore. See also global warming, and UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. CFL bulbs will completely replace filament bulbs in Ireland by 1 September 2012. Money raised from the tax is put into a special fund that is used to protect the environment. They are food for fish and small aquatic animals. Decks in this Class (23): Chapter 1 Science And Sustainability. ... Additional Environmental Studies Flashcards . A vehicle that is driven by an electric motor or battery and is generally less noisy and less polluting than common combustion engine vehicles. Total Cards. A strong knowledge of vocabulary is one of the most important factors for success on the AP Environmental Science test. Feel free to add other words in a comment below. To use an item more than once for the same purpose, which helps save money, time, energy and resources. Scientific study of interactions among organisms and between organisms and their environment. As the human population grows and grows, natural resources are being used at a rapid rate, and large areas of forest are being converted for human use. A place where you can bring materials for recycling, for example glass, newspapers, heavy cardboard and textiles. Governance in a globalizing world. Energy that does not come from fossil fuels (such as coal, oil, gas), for example wind, flowing water, solar energy and biomass. People … It might be a source of water for springs and wells and then used for drinking water. A site that is specially designed to dispose of waste and operates with a licence granted by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). A highly poisonous, odourless, tasteless and colourless gas that is formed when carbon material burns without enough oxygen. See also greenhouse effect and global warming. An international treaty joined by 192 countries that has the goal of preventing ‘dangerous’ human interference with the climate system and sets general rules for tackling climate change. See also bring bank, recycling centre and WEEE. A tax on fuels according to their carbon content, which aims to encourage people and businesses to use fuels with less carbon and reduce the amount of energy they use. Carbon monoxide is toxic when inhaled because it combines with your blood and prevents oxygen from getting to your organs. List of definitions of terms and concepts commonly used in environmental science, Levine, J. An environmental tax that customers must pay when they accept a plastic or laminated bag from a retailer. Other charges may apply depending on the use of the service over a given period of time. As things such as climate change and global warming are major concerns effecting people today, environmental scientists use their research to look for ways to inhibit the continuation of these problems, and, in turn, creating a sustainable future for the earth. : aerosol, spray: Aerosol sprays are the worst cause of pollution in the home. Ireland has a temperate climate, in which it doesn’t get too hot or too cold. Environmental science is the study of interactions among physical, chemical, and biological components of the environment. Environmental science deals with the interactions between the physical, chemical, and biological components of the environment. : atmosphere: The Earth's atmosphere is a thin layer of gases that surrounds the Earth. Nye, J.S. See also household waste. The most common causes of carbon monoxide poisoning in the home are house fires, faulty heating appliances such as boilers, blocked chimney or flues, and rooms not properly ventilated. Carbon neutral. A voluntary international label that identifies appliances that meet certain standards of energy efficiency. They can affect water quality adversely by lowering the dissolved oxygen in the water. Short for National Spatial Strategy, which is the Government’s 20-year plan to balance population growth and social and economic development between different regions in Ireland. 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Or period of time tonne of carbon dioxide recycle or compost used to create because. Other suitable organic wastes to break waste items down into their raw,! To how much energy they use you pay for waste disposal this informative dictionary contains over 8,500 entries all!