Seventh Army and French General Jean de Lattre de Tassigny’s French First Army) that had landed along the Riviera in August and was now firmly lodged in Alsace-Lorraine, from crossing the border into Germany. TF Linden formed the right, or southern, flank of VI Corps around Strasbourg and had a front of more than 30 miles to defend. Additional enemy forces farther to the east across the Rhine were units under XIV SS Corps control and believed to be equivalent in strength to eight battalions. He noted, “It was bitterly cold and snowing. Company K was to advance in support eastward from Rohrwiller to the Moder on Company L’s left flank. The Germans conducted Operation Northwind as a second major offensive but it gets little press as it occurred during and after the Battle of the Bulge. Often we took refuge in houses where the Germans were upstairs. Cheers-----Sgt Steiner. An enemy tank, firing on the factory, also hit the church steeple in Rohrwiller with about 50 rounds. This also included 4.13 TWh from wind parks in the Baltic Sea, where TSO 50Hertz is in charge. Operation North Wind. Eisenhower correctly surmised from G-2 reports that the enemy was preparing to launch an attack against Devers’s forces and plans were made to counter this assault. The objective was simple. By November 1944, American units of Maj. Gen. Wade Haislip’s XV Corps had pushed all the way to French-German border between Saarbrucken and Wissembourg, while the French First Army forced the Belfort Gap, destroyed German forces in the southern Vosges Mountains, and reached the Rhine north of Switzerland between Mulhouse and Basel. Seventh Army. Frank “Doc” Ryals, a medic with the 314th Regiment’s Intelligence and Recon Platoon, recalled the night of January 19 well: “The weather was terrible. Fine job!. The 100-megawatt Nation Rise Wind … Antwerp had become the Allies’ major port through which millions of tons of food, ammunition, fuel, weapons, clothing, and other vital supplies were pouring and Hitler badly needed to put it out of commission. Like someone trying to spread a single pat of butter to cover an entire loaf of bread, Patch’s six infantry divisions had to cover a front of 126 miles. The generals were aghast. For a week, the Germans scored one victory after another and, with the Belgian city of Bastogne surrounded, seemed on the verge of fulfilling Hitler’s orders of thrusting all the way to Antwerp. In late 1944, with American, British, Canadian, Free French, and Polish forces lined up along Germany’s border with Holland, Belgium, Luxembourg, and France and ready to plunge into the heart of the Third Reich, it seemed that the predictions that the war was nearly over were about to come true. On the same day that the German Army launched Operation North Wind, the Luftwaffe (German Air Force) committed almost 1,000 aircraft in support. At 6:40 pm, as daylight was fading, Company L was hit by another attack. It is a matter of destroying and exterminating the enemy forces wherever we find them. Communications took a constant hit as wiremen from both battalions and regimental headquarters were continually on the go, making repairs. The puny guns and thin armor of the 714th’s Stuart tanks were also no match for the Germans, but the Stuarts did provide good service by bringing up supplies and evacuating the wounded. G early Academy 1:35 13529 . On January 8, Combat Command B of the 12th Armored Division (consisting of the 56th Armored Infantry Battalion and the 714th Tank Battalion) was ordered to assist the 79th Infantry Division in its attack on the German stronghold at Herrlisheim but made little progress, the Shermans proving no match for the lethal German antitank defenses. Hitler saw the ideal place for his counter-offensive: the same hilly, heavily treed, “impassible” Ardennes-Eifel region through which his armies had plunged in 1940 to invade Belgium, Holland, France, and Luxembourg. By October, though, the fighting in the hilly, heavily forested region had settled into a war of attrition that, little by little, the Allies were winning. The rout of the German armies in the west seemed to be imminent. Adding to the horror, the civilian population had hidden when the battle began and now the women, children, and old folks huddled in the cellars. With a capital cost of €1.6bn, the project involves the design, construction, and installation of 66 Haliade 150-6MW turbines, plus an offshore substation to collect the electricity and feed it into the German grid. They shelled us quite often from where, I don’t know. The initial attack was conducted by three Corps of the German 1st Army of Army Group G, and by 9 January, the XXXIX Panzer Corps was heavily engaged as well. I sort of touched the muzzle as I turned around to talk to Howard. That American soldiers fought and won some of the most critical battles of World War II in the Ardennes and the Alsace is now an indisputable fact.” n. Twenty years ago I had the pleasure to be among a small group of officers and NCO’s that were given a tour of the battlefield and the Maggot Line around Bitche by two veterans of the 100th ID. Carey then assembled another patrol, and, under covering fire, moved to within a few yards of an enemy tank and set it on fire with a bazooka round. Germany is beaten, the optimists opined. Enemy infantry, estimated at a battalion, with tank support, struck Company F’s position in the factory. Up until about Christmas Day, the Allies believed that elements of various panzer and panzergrenadier divisions, which had been identified on the Seventh Army front at various times during December, might have been withdrawn and sent north to join the Ardennes battle. Daub remembered, “We jumped right into a group of German soldiers. Companies I and K of the 314th’s 3rd Battalion regrouped, reached the Moder, and spent the rest of the day preventing the enemy from following at the river crossing. The French government and French commanders vehemently objected to this idea and Ike had to deal with the intrusion of politics into the conduct of war: “The French continued to worry about the safety of Strasbourg,” he wrote. It was the very last try of the German Wehrmacht to remain at least in parts at the top of the game in the West. Finally, they came to the kitchen.”, The Germans tossed in a “potato masher” grenade. Brushing aside his generals’ concerns, Germany’s supreme warlord told them to find a way to do it. Late in the day of December 31, the left side of the American line near Sarreguemines suddenly trembled as the Germans opened fire with a well-placed barrage of artillery rounds, followed by a charge of 2,000 men of the 17th SS Panzergrenadier Division heading straight for the 397th Regiment of the 100th Infantry Division. Many had tears in their eyes. Due to large crowd of passengers in the time of New Year holidays at Sheremetyevo airport, we ask you to arrive at the airport in advance. However, he pointed out that ever since the [Franco-Prussian] war of 1870 Strasbourg had been a symbol to the French people; he believed that even its temporary loss might result in complete national discouragement and possibly in open revolt. The 12th Armored Division was in dire straits; over the past 11 days, the division had suffered more than 1,250 casualties and lost 70 tanks, half-tracks, trucks, jeeps, and other combat vehicles. On December 28, after it was clear that Wacht-am-Rhein had failed, Hitler told his generals (Keitel, von Rundstedt, Jodl, Blaskowitz, Obstfelder, and Westphal): “This attack [Nordwind] has a very clear objective, namely the destruction of the enemy forces. Intense German machine-gun fire created a diversion south of Drusenheim while the main attack came from the north. Like a deer on a highway, the U.S. 12th Armored Division, which had been called up from Seventh Army reserve and was at that moment engaged in an effort to take Herrlisheim, found itself directly in the path of the XXXIX Corps juggernaut—and paid the price. Bodenplatte failed without having achieved any of its key objectives. The U.S. VI Corps — which bore the brunt of the German attacks — was fighting on three sides by 15 January. German words for north wind include Nordwind and Nord. 75 years operation „Northwind“ The forgotten offense between Saar and Rhine . On August 15, Operation Overlord had been complemented by Operation Avalanche—the U.S. On January 8, Carey was in command of an antitank platoon when about 200 enemy infantrymen, accompanied by a dozen panzers, attacked his battalion and overran part of its position. That move shoved TF Hudelson aside, hit Maj. Gen. Robert T. Frederick’s 45th Infantry Division, and drove a wedge between Patch’s two corps, the XV and VI. Staff Sergeant Howard C. Pride, the communications wireman with Headquarters Company, 2nd Battalion, 314th, was also still in Drusenheim when the Germans entered. But around noon, just as it appeared the German attacks would succeed, the overcast skies cleared and Allied aircraft arrived. One of the tank destroyers parked at the steps to the house we were in. After a tough fight for Haguenau (December 9-11) on the southern fringe of the Haguenau Forest, the 79th was called upon to relieve the embattled Task Force Linden, which was essentially the 42nd Infantry Division without its artillery and support units. Or maybe it would have been dumber, I don’t know.”, Daub and Hunter bolted down the stairs and dashed out of the house. A week later, American and French units linked up in the center of the Colmar Pocket, which the Germans had abandoned. This was all before Hitler’s Operation Nordwind, which began in January 1945. They grabbed us and dragged us out the door and searched us. “It was a weird battle. The rest of the 2nd Battalion took up positions in or around Drusenheim to await the inevitable German counterattack. Tens of thousands of Wehrmacht and SS troops in France were either dead or in POW camps. At 1800 hours on the 19th, they unleashed heavy artillery and mortar fire on the town. anniversary of an event, which lead between Saar and Rhine to many Alsatian villages being liberated twice in 1945. By the … On the 10th, several supporting M-8 self-propelled howitzers tried to resume the American attack against Herrlisheim but they broke through the ice covering the network of waterways to the west of the town and were promptly hors d’combat. This lasted for quite a long time, probably an hour, with sporadic fire after that. The Operation Nordwind plan called for Lt. Gen. Hans von Obstfelder’s German First Army to attack southward from the West Wall and into France, through Bitche, the Saverne Gap, and the Wissembourg Gap (the latter the site of first German success in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870) between the Low and High Vosges Mountains of Alsace-Lorraine, and link up with another thrust … Northeast of Sarreguemines was General Max Simon’s XIII Corps (commanding the 17th SS Panzergrenadier and 36th Volksgrenadier Divisions, backed by several artillery units). These positions rarely would change for the next 12 days. It began on 31 December 1944 in Rhineland-Palatinate, Alsace and Lorraine in southwestern Germany and northeastern France, and ended on 25 January 1945. After a quick exchange of fire, the enemy broke contact and moved its attack northeast against Company G’s position. After starting commercial operation in 4Q2022, Kaskasi will be able to supply the equivalent of approximately 400 000 households per year with green electricity. Taken from JRE #1299 w/Annie Jacobsen: Even before the German North Wind offensive in northern Alsace had been brought to a halt, the French First Army began their own attack on the so-called Colmar Pocket on the west bank of the Upper Rhine between Strasbourg and the Swiss border. Seventh Army’s invasion of southern France. There was no way such a counteroffensive could succeed, they protested. Early on January 8, the zone of attack switched to the 314th’s 3rd Battalion sector, with Company L assigned the main objective: establishing a bridgehead across the Zorn River south of Drusenheim near where it met the Moder, and taking a group of buildings at the la Breymuehl waterworks complex beyond. “We heard the Germans coming inside after us. The two armies, it was envisioned, would meet east of the Saverne Gap, recapture the city of Strasbourg, and trap the U.S. Overshadowed by the hard winter fighting in Belgium, the battles in Alsace-Lorraine were no less brutal, © Operation North Wind (Unternehmen Nordwind) was the last major German offensive of World War II on the Western Front. Link to post Share on other sites. It was all they could do to keep from being overrun by the Allies, hammering at them from all sides. On January 5, XIV SS Corps, east of Strasbourg, crossed the Rhine and pushed units into the Gambsheim area, evidently seeking a fight with the 79th. Simultaneously, the French 2nd Armored Division, spearheading the Seventh Army advance, forced the Saverne Gap in the northern Vosges and liberated Strasbourg on November 23. There is not a matter of prestige involved here. “This went on until around midnight. I had a couple of wiremen out checking a line and they called me and they said, ‘What should we do?’ and I didn’t know at that time. Operation Spring Awakening was the last major attack the Wehrmacht conducted during World War II—and the most hopeless crapshoot of all Germany’s final offensives. It began on 31 December 1944 in Alsace and Lorraine in northeastern France, and it ended on 25 January. Isbn 0436570947. Completed (0x) Nobody . Albatros wind project is jointly owned by Enbridge (49.89%) and German utility EnBW (50.1%), who are together investing $305m in the project. After securing Rohrwiller, the Yanks were ordered to proceed on to Herrlisheim but then received word that Company A, 232nd Infantry (TF Linden, 42nd Division), was in trouble in Drusenheim, and 2nd Battalion, 314th, was to come to A/232nd’s aid en route to Herrlisheim. Despite this, von Luck was not confident of success. As night approached, and suspecting an armor attack from the Germans, Company G was pulled back across the bridge to man the perimeter along the southwest edge of Drusenheim. From the quiet, far-western end of the line, the 36th and 103rd Infantry Divisions, along with the 12th and 14th Armored Divisions, were sent to Brooks’s VI Corps, whose units were taking the brunt of the German assault. ... German North Sea wind farms produce more electricity in 2020 than ever before; 20 Jan 2021, 13:33. Originally, all those German soldiers have been buried in 225 different places within the Department Haut-Rhine before they found their final resting place here at the Bergheim cemetery. Operation Northwind, planned by the Fuhrer himself, hurled eight German divisions, three of them SS, against the thinly held American line in the Alsace-Lorraine region. By Reuters Staff. But we should never have gotten in that situation.” Pride’s entire battalion was captured at Drusenheim on January 20. Nearby positions soon realized what was happening and the night was illuminated with explosions and munitions of all calibers saturating the air. It is more important, as I said before, to destroy his manpower.". The Germans made one final, concerted effort to break the Americans’ hold on the Alsace. The 21st Panzer Division was reinforced by the 25th Panzergrenadier Division and 20 self-propelled assault guns. As the Germans withdrew to the east of the Rhine, Patch’s Seventh Army began a drive just over a week later to clear northeastern Alsace, and at month’s end established a foothold on German soil beyond the Saar River. If they didn’t make a move, we left, and if we didn’t make a move, they left.”, The late historian Stephen Ambrose noted, “Flamethrowers were used to set houses afire. It began on 31 December 1944 in Alsace and Lorraine in northeastern France, and it ended on 25 January. Men cracked under the unrelenting strain of the steel hail, but the line held. The offensive was to break through the lines of the U.S. 7th Army and French 1st Army in the Upper Vosges mountains and the Alsatian Plain, and destroy them. To the south, west of the Rhine, the Nineteenth Army was ordered to break out of the Colmar Pocket, drive north, and strike the eastern flank of the Americans north of Strasbourg. The situation for Maj. Gen. Ira T. Wyche’s 79th Infantry Division was typical for many American units in Alsace-Lorraine in late 1944. It is a matter of destroying and exterminating the enemy forces wherever we find them. The reversion to a defensive role also cancelled Devers’s plans for reducing the Colmar Pocket, the German bridgehead that stretched 50 miles along the Rhine’s western banks south of Strasbourg. Le voyant du capteur clignote-t-il au passage de l'aimant de cadence ? Also accompanying us was a man from the 12th AD (who became a POW) and a local French historian, who was researching a book about the fighting in that region. Allyn Vannoy . The infantry regiments of three other recently arrived divisions—the 42nd, 63rd, and 70th—were rushed up from the south—sans artillery and support units—and turned into “task forces” to plug the numerous gaps and weak points in the Seventh Army’s lines. “Howard and I fired at them and they fired at us. Attempts by Rasp’s Nineteenth Army to break out of the Colmar Pocket and add its weight to the battles taking place around Strasbourg failed because the French First Army pummeled it unmercifully. That would be very nice; the impression on the German people would be immeasurable, the impression on the world decisive, terrific psychologically, the impression on the French people would be depressing. For the next several days, the situation around Rohrwiller and Drusenheim remained fairly static; 2nd and 3rd Battalions held their positions while the Germans shelled them. The following day, General Dwight D. Eisenhower, the Supreme Allied Commander, called a meeting of his top-level commanders (Bradley, Devers, and Patton, among others) at Verdun, where they discussed the German thrust into the Ardennes and what to do about it. It changed the world more than any other single event in history. At the angle where the German-French border makes its abrupt southward turn was Lt. Gen. Karl Decker’s XXXIX Panzer Corps, with its 21st Panzer and 25th Panzergrenadier Divisions, augmented by a company of super-heavy 70-ton Jagdtiger anti-tank mobile weapons. With the defeat of Operation North Wind and the impending collapse of the Colmar Pocket, the Upper Rhine High Command was inactivated on January 24, 1945, and the responsibility for the defense of the upper Rhine region was again returned to Army Group G. The staff of the Upper Rhine High Command was used to staff the newly formed Eleventh SS Panzer Army on the Eastern Front. She’s on her last legs, others said. The total number of casualties for the U.S. 7th Army as a whole remains unclear, but is estimated to amount to approximately 3,000 killed, 9,000 wounded, and 17,000 sick and injured.[1]. In September 1944, as the Allied drive neared the French-German border in Alsace-Lorraine, German opposition became more determined. On that same day, January 8, farther to the west, the 6th SS Mountain Division captured Wingen-sur-Moder, between the XV and VI Corps. Meanwhile, during the night of January 6-7, the bridge at Drusenheim was repaired while under constant enemy fire. Lt. Col. Nicholas Novosel, the 43rd’s commander, had a bad sense about attacking Herrlisheim again. Check-in for our flights starts 4 hours before the flight departure. “The only big guns we had were two antitank destroyers and three wheel-mounted 57mm cannons. 2 Min Read. “We picked a very nice house that commanded a bend in the road where we could see right up to the top of the little hill the town was on.”, Toward evening, a German armored recon unit with several tanks approached Rimling, and Daub watched as the armor and infantry drew nearer to his position. The decision to invest in the Kaskasi offshore wind farm, which will be built 35 km north of the island of Heligoland, Germany, was made in early 2020. There have been countless thousands of published works devoted to all or of it. The German tanks moved down the streets with infantrymen and they’d say, “Kommen sie aus.” They’d let a shell go every so often, and you didn’t have much chance with that. TenneT's offshore transmission capacity in the German North Sea has reached 7.13 GW. Then one could see the dark monsters [the bunkers] looming up out of the snow. Like their offensive in the Ardennes, the Germans, aided by bad weather that grounded Allied air power, experienced some initial successes but were eventually driven back. Adding to the difficulty of fighting in this area was a string of Maginot Line forts that the Germans had captured earlier in the war. Antwerp was also the terminus of the dividing line between the Allies’ two great western armies: Field Marshall Sir Bernard Law Montgomery’s 21st Army Group and General Omar N. Bradley’s 12th Army Group. We had very little artillery support and we had no tank support and so they were able to move around and come in.”. Next to XC Corps was Lt. Gen. Gustav Höhne’s LXXXIX Corps and the 256th and 361st Volksgrenadier Divisions, all beefed up with numerous artillery units. Hands full counterattacks designed to free the trapped men back to Company headquarters and they ’ d never gotten. 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