The Karachay-Cherkess Autonomous Oblast is reconstituted. Lake Karachay: The USSR’s Deadly Nuclear Lake : Lake Karachay: The USSR’s Deadly Nuclear Lake : Find episode on: AD . When Lake Kyzyltash quickly became contaminated, Lake Karachay was used for open-air storage, keeping the contamination a slight distance from the reactors but soon making Lake Karachay the "most-polluted spot on Earth". It was also affected by a string of accidents and disasters causing the surrounding areas to be highly contaminated with radioactive waste. The groups wanted to speed up the passage of the law and set a date for the elections. Lenssen, "Nuclear Waste: The Problem that Won't Go Away", Worldwatch Institute, Washington, D.C., 1991: 15. When viewing the images, the differences in aesthetics and symmetry of the water’s structure is clear – the “before” images portray dark and almost bacterial-like constituency, while the “after” pictures show a beautiful, snowflake-like image – nearly perfect and without blemish of any kind. (British Broadcasting Corporation 9/3/99) During peace negotiations between Derev and Semenov in Moscow, each side offered solutions, but reached no common ground. Each of the men was a member of a committee that prepared a rally by Russians and Cossacks living in the republic to protest against its possible division. And today, 20 years after Mayak started appearing on maps again, it’s even possible that you could stand on the shores of Lake Karachay and not die. (Jamestown Foundation. (British Broadcasting Corporation 9/9/99) On September 14, a ceremony took place in Ust-Dzheguta to swear into office the new head of Karachay -Cherkessia, Vladimir Semenov. "Karachay Jamaat: History, Reality and Perspective, Part 1" Chechnya Weekly, 8:22), Several attacks by Karachay Jamaat lead to deaths of police officers starting in summer 2005. Experts issue a report claiming that a decade of dumping radioactive waste into Lake Karachay has dangerously polluted the region. The Russian Supreme Court directed that the matter be referred back to the republic's Supreme Court for reconsideration. (British Broadcasting Corporation 4/26/99), In the period between the first election and the run-off, numerous terrorist attacks were carried out, including grenade attacks and arsons. ), Traffic police officer is shot in his apartment by Karachay Jamaat members. They asked the Russians for practical support for efforts against political terrorism, towards social and political stability, and for unity and territorial integrity of Karachay -Cherkessia and the entire Russian south. 6/7/2007. The Russian government undertakes measures to support the social and economic development of the Karachay people, including restitution payments for individuals deported under Stalin. (Jamestown Foundation. "Karachay Jamaat: History, Reality and Perspective, Part 1." (British Broadcasting Corporation 6/10/99) Stanislav Derev, the mayor of Cherkessk stated that he would not end his supporters' rally in the central square of the republic's capital Cherkessk . Chechnya Weekly. 9/28/2004, "3 Attacks Are Linked to Wahhabis"; Jamestown Foundation. "Karachay Jamaat: Countermeasures, Connections and Composition, Part 2." (British Broadcasting Corporation 7/26/97), The closing of the Mercury firm, the biggest enterprise in the Karachay- Cherkess Republic, prompted the residents of the capital Cherkessk to hold a rally and put forward political as well as economic demands. Swimming in these waters can cost someone their life in an hour. Lake Baikal is the largest freshwater lake in the world (by volume) and the world's deepest lake. (British Broadcasting Corporation 7/24/99) Over 12,000 people gathered to protest the appointments of various people to the Karachay-Cherkess government, which they said violated their rights, since they were not appointed by the elected government. 6/7/2007. Lake Karachay, located in the southern Ural Mountains in eastern Russia, was a dumping ground for the Soviet Union's nuclear weapon facilities. He also threatened to take steps against members of the republican parliament who had not taken their seats, most notably those who were participating in the breakaway Cherkess parliament. "Critical Masses: Citizens, Nuclear Weapons Production, and Environmental Destruction in the United States and Russia", by Russell J. Dalton, 1999, p.79, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, "Russia", p. 121, publisher = Lonely Planet, "The Politics of Environmental Policy in Russia", p. 34, by David Lewis Feldman, Ivan Blokov, "The Burning Lake: A Volk Thriller", by Brent Ghelfi, p. 101, "Lake Karachay, the most polluted spot on Earth", "Russia's Mayak continues clean-up of Lake Karachai", 10.1667/0033-7587(2003)159[0787:cmrawa]2.0.co;2, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pollution_of_Lake_Karachay&oldid=995951766, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2016, Chelyabinsk Oblast articles missing geocoordinate data, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 December 2020, at 19:12. Between 4,500 and 18,000 people protested the decision in the Cherkessk town square the following day, saying that the Supreme Court did not give the matter ample consideration. Soon after, nuclear waste from Chelyabinsk-40 was found in the Arctic Ocean. Although the lake has an area much smaller than that of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant, and albeit the fact that three settlements, Ozyorsk, Novogornyj [ru] and Tatysh [ru] some 7 kilometers away are inhabited and that the lake is surrounded by Mayak, the lake is still technically a natural area and thus has been described as the "most polluted spot on Earth" by Washington, D.C.-based Worldwatch Institute.. The spread of toxic dust peppered about 900 square miles … 8:23. 8:23. A mass rally bringing together representatives from across the republic issues a similar appeal. In official ceremonies and speeches, the Karachay people mark the 50 year anniversary of their deportation to Central Asia by Stalin. One day, men came and dammed the Techa River, and then, after years of thin living and war and empty chairs like gravestones at the dinner table, there was a rich riverbed that had once been under water. The participants demanded that Semenov resign because he had fraudulently won the May elections. They wanted democratic elections of a new leadership for the republic. (British Broadcasting Corporation 1/6/00), Several lawmakers of Abazin and Cherkess origin refused to take part in the opening of a parliament session on the budget in Karachay-Cherkessia. In the village of Metlino [ru], it was found that 65% of residents were suffering from chronic radiation sickness. Official accounts said the protest was sparked by the seizure of a truck transporting illegal vodka made at Mercury, which the firm said was an incident of framing. Instead, the Cherkess and Abaza deputies and members of the republic's government attended the third united congress of the deputies of all levels and ethnic socio- political movements of the Russian Cossacks, Cherkesses, Abazaz and other peoples of Karachay-Cherkessia. Doctors called it the "special disease" because they were not allowed to note radiation in their diagnoses as long as the facility was secret. (British Broadcasting Corporation 9/16/99) Cherkess and Abaza deputies refused to participate in the session of the people's assembly of Karachay-Cherkessia - only 43 deputies of the Karachay, Russian and some other nationalities made the quorum. A symbol of decay and Soviet nuclear disaster, Lake Karachay is a lake in the Ural Mountains of western Russia mainly notable as a dumping ground for nuclear waste from the USSR's Mayak facility. According to Kaitov, the local police did nothing to detain the attackers. The election commission walked out of the decision making process, after only some of the commissioners felt the election was fair. (British Broadcasting Corporation 9/18/98 & 9/22/98), Work on filling in radioactive Lake Karachay, was suspended due to lack of funds. This prompted the decision to dump radioactive waste elsew… See: 20%) cast ahead of the run-off election, 38 polling stations refused to open on election day itself. The body of water that received the most contamination from Mayak’s nuclear fuel production was Lake Karachay. (British Broadcasting Corporation 10/12/99 &10/13/99) Russian President Boris Yeltsin signed a decree to set up a stabilization commission for Karachay-Cherkessia to normalize the Republic's socio-economic situation. The law was passed four days later. Although the lake has an area much smaller than that of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant, and albeit the fact that three settlements, Ozyorsk, Novogornyj [ru] and Tatysh [ru] some 7 kilometers away are inhabited and that th… (British Broadcasting Corporation 3/10/00) The Cherkessk town court overturned the Cherkessk town administration's decision to authorize a secessionist rally in the central square. Stream the best of Disney, Pixar, Marvel, Star Wars, National Geographic and more for $6.99/mo. Geological aspects of the nuclear waste disposal problem. The head of the republic was to be elected for a period of four years. At the Lake Karachay, another smaller incident occurred with release of mixed fission products in April 1967 that formed the Karachay Trace over an area of 1,800 km 2 (Peremyslova et al. (British Broadcasting Corporation 5/20/99 & 5/23/99) In light of the tensions surrounding the election, both candidates met with the acting Russian prime minister and signed an agreement intended to defuse the situation. The constitution said that state power in Karachay-Cherkessia would be exercised by the head of the republic, the national assembly, the government and the courts. Approximately 2,000 people attended the rally anyway. 8:23. They had also wanted a Russian to be the chairman. A storage facility for liquid nuclear waste was added around 1953. To prevent the wind from carrying away the dust from the rapidly drying lakebed, Karachay was filled with approaching ten thousand blocks of hollow concrete. The Congress of the Moslems of Karachay calls for a return of Karachay autonomy. Beautiful Lake Karachay in Russia is so polluted with nuclear waste that a swim in its waters would kill you in less than an hour. Somewhat crescent shaped, it is in the southern Siberia area of Russia. (British Broadcasting Corporation 10/6/99) The formal approval of the prime minister, deputy prime minister and other ministers nominated by the head of the republic, by the People's Assembly of Karachay-Cherkessia was aborted when the legislature did not achieve a quorum. After the earthquake in Japan and the nuclear plants in Japan had a lot of leaking, my mom was freaking out. The pollution of Lake Karachay is connected to the disposal of nuclear materials from Mayak. Chechnya Weekly. Semenov's representatives did not publicly state their plan, although they emphasized that Semenov had legally won and any further appointments by Moscow would be in violation of their rights. 6/7/2007. The government had maintained the protest was illegal and organized for several days. As of December 2016, the lake's status is completely infilled, using special concrete blocks, rock, and dirt. Cossacks in Karachay-Cherkess announce that they are mobilizing a militia as a self-defense measure against armed gangs of Ingush, Kabardins, and Karachays. (British Broadcasting Corporation 9/4/99 & 9/5/99) Six people were hospitalized with gunshot wounds after clashes between Derev supporters and Semenov supporters (British Broadcasting Corporation 9/6/99) An organizational committee of Slavs, Russians and Cossacks of Karachay-Cherkessia meeting in Cherkessk adopted a resolution calling for the prevention of any division of the republic and for the results of the election to be recognized as legal. “Contamination ... but ten years before … There were rumors of a poison reaching the Atlantic.One day, men came and dammed the Techa River, and then, after years of thin living and war and empty chairs like gravestones at the dinner table, there was a rich riverbed that had once been under water. Lake Karachay in Central Russia is pretty toxic, and it’s all thanks to the Mayak Production Association. (British Broadcasting Corporation 9/26/99) Two armed Abkhazians were detained along the Georgian-Karachay-Cherkessia border, amid reports that a similar incident .had occurred three weeks before. (British Broadcasting Corporation 5/25/99), The Supreme Court of Karachay-Cherkessia found that the 16th May elections for head of the republic were valid and their results stand. (British Broadcasting Corporation 5/24/99) A large group of participants in a rally led by the brothers of Cherkessk mayor Stanislav Derev stopped the car belonging to permanent envoy to the Russian president Magomed Kaitov . Chechnya Weekly. During the first six years of operation, the entire Mayak complex dumped its radioactive waste into the Techa River, which happened to be the only source of water for the 24 villages along its banks. O ne day, men came and dammed the Techa River, and then, after years of thin living and war and empty chairs at the dinner table were like gravestones, there was a rich riverbed that had once been under water. (Jamestown Foundation. Center for InternationalDevelopment andConflict Management, 2117 Chincoteague HallUniversity of MarylandCollege Park, MD 20742.  A decades-long monitoring program for underground water was expected to be implemented shortly after.. Derev supporters claimed Semenov had tampered with the vote by controlling polling places and casting duplicate votes. (British Broadcasting Corporation 10/19/99) The head of the Karachay-Cherkess Republic, Vladimir Semenov, signed a decree banning rallies, street marches, demonstrations and pickets. (British Broadcasting Corporation 11/18/99) The last subunits of the special-purpose militia sent to Karachay-Cherkessia in the wake of the May elections left the republic on November 21st, once Russian officials were satisfied that the situation had stabilized. The lake becomes a monster during October and November. 8:23. The leadership of the Islamic Party of Rebirth calls for the reconstitution of Karachay autonomy. The incumbent, Vladimir Khubiyev, came sixth and was out of the running. Karachay authorities respect a request by Muslims and declare an official holiday in honor of the Islamic "Feast of Sacrifice.". Furthermore, the Minister of Ethnic Policy, Ramazan Abdulatipov, said publicly that the violence was not linked to ethnic problems but to a traditional power struggle. After five days of protests in the city, the groups disbanded after the announcement that the elections would be declared invalid. The deputies had hoped that the Russian federal commission would enforce its suggestion that the Russian prime minister be replaced by a Cherkess - preferably Stanislav Derev - since the elected head of government was still Semenov, a Karachay. In addition the Russians in the republic asked that the size of the population to be used as a basis in the formation of the structures of authority in the republic (the Russian-speaking population accounts for 43 per cent of the total). Stepashin declared that he would submit for the consideration of Igor Ivanov, chairman of the republic's People's Assembly (parliament), should be appointed acting head of the Karachay-Cherkess Republic to govern the republic pending a ruling on the legality or illegality of the elections for the head of Karachay-Cherkessia. The USSR is dissolved. (British Broadcasting Corporation 9/25/99) After blocking access to the government building in Cherkessk for six days, 3,000- 4,000 Cherkess protestors ended their demonstration when the government finally threatened to arrest the demonstrators. 6/7/2007. The assembly also elected a permanent presidium, delegates to go to Moscow to meet representatives of the federal authorities, and a supreme economic council. (British Broadcasting Corporation 11/14/99) Abazins and Cherkess rallied in Adyge-Khabl in Karachay-Cherkessia to protest a rumor that the head of the republic dismissed the head of the Adyge-Khabl District administration - an ethnic Cherkess - and replaced him with a representative of the Nogay people. , Some parts of the lake are extremely radioactive (600 röntgens/hour) and one could receive a lethal dose of radiation in 30 minutes (300 röntgens). The decision to create the commission was made after presidential chief of staff Aleksandr Voloshin's met with the leaders of Karachay- Cherkessia's Russian and Nogay communities. Article by Modern Notion. (British Broadcasting Corporation 7/23/99) Boris Yeltsin appointed a new person to be head of Karachay-Cherkessia while the election results were still being disputed. Only 45 hectares in size and not very deep, Lake Karachay in the Tcheliabinsk region in Russia (1,500 km east of Moscow), is the most polluted area in the world, according to a report on nuclear waste, published by American institute Worldwatch. The invading German army occupies the Karachay region. (British Broadcasting Corporation 7/17/96), Adygeya, Kabarda-Balkaria and the Karachay-Cherkess Republic agreed to set up an inter-parliamentary council, which would settle key legislative issues in a consultative manner, taking into account the interests of each republic and each nation separately, but emphasizing their common interests: peace in the Caucasus and expansion in integration in the economy, in business and in science and culture. Members of the republic's government and the People's Assembly were present at the ceremony, and also leaders and activists of public political and national cultural organizations and representatives of religious confessions. 6/7/2007. Lenin Square, opposite the government building, was crowded with about 4,000 of Derev's supporters, while an estimated 3,000 supporters of both Derev and Semenov gathered behind the government building from the northern side, where clashes occurred. (British Broadcasting Corporation 9/24/99) The Karachay-Cherkess parliament and cabinet drafted a formal appeal to the Russian Federal Government, blaming an alleged extremist wing of the International Cherkess Association led by Boris Akbashev, which supports Stanislav Derev, for "blatant physical, moral and psychological terror" of Russians, Karachay, Nogay and Abazin and Cherkess who oppose interethnic strife and attempts to split the republic. (Jamestown Foundation. Back at Lake Karachay, the next Chelyabinsk-40 disaster would occur there in 1967. "Karachay Jamaat: Countermeasures, Connections and Composition, Part 2." The congress calls for a restoration of Karachay autonomy. The level of radiation in nearby lakes is said to be 2.5 times that of Chernobyl. with a population of 400,000. They dumped load after load into it and then even more into Karachay Lake. The remaining delegates had the power to pass the budget, and denounced the secessionist drive. (British Broadcasting Corporation 9/23/99) Representatives of the Abazin and Cherkess peoples protesting against the results of the Karachay-Cherkess executive elections sealed off the building of the Karachay-Cherkessia state TV and radio broadcasting company. In Several Northwestern Turkic languages, Karachay means “black water” or “black sea”. Where it goes on to state that the river Techa, and the Lake Karachay were polluted with radioactive waste from a processing plant. But we wouldn’t risk it. [There was no indication that the Karachay were involved in the debate.] (British Broadcasting Corporation 11/11/99) The Cherkessk city government authorized a rally by Cherkess and Abazin people in support of an autonomous Cherkess republic. The Techa River, which provides water to nearby areas, was contaminated, and about 65% of local residents fell ill with radiation sickness. The move was declared illegal by the Russian Justice Ministry. At the same time the court rejected as unfounded the lawsuit of Stanislav Derev, who asked the court to declare invalid the results of vote. 89 percent of the Karachay-Cherkessian electorate votes in a referendum to support the unity of the republic. (British Broadcasting Corporation 10/22/99 & 10/23/99) After meeting with both Semenov and Derev, Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin, reached a compromise in which Derev promised to end the protests in exchange for a referendum on Semenov's rule to be held on October 22, 2000. (British Broadcasting Corporation 3/6/99), The head of Karachay -Cherkessia, Vladimir Semenov, formally announced that the new bodies of power in Karachay -Cherkessia were being formed on the basis of equal representation for all ethnic groups populating the republic, but that personnel was not selected according to their ethnicity and personal loyalty. 8:23. In 1996 it was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. 2. Russia had still not yet recalled its 'temporary' head of government. (British Broadcasting Corporation 5/16/99 & 5/17/99 & 5/18/99 & 5/22/99) Stanislav Derev, during the daily post-election protests, said that there were only two conditions under which he would be able to prevent ethnic war from breaking out in the Republic: either by allowing the current Russian envoy to be approved by the republican parliament or by returning the republic to Stavropol Territory where it was in the past. By 1951, it became obvious the waste run-off was damaging the river and surrounding population. Semenov's office claimed that he had not removed the officer, while those at the rally claimed that he had signed, but then withdrawn, a decree to that effect. Kaitov was freed by staff from the local department of the Federal Security Service who had been informed about the incident by the envoy's people. Lake Karachay. Raiding Mongols drive Karachays into the highlands of the Northern Caucasus. A rally is held in the city of Karachayevsk demanding restoration of autonomy for the Karachay republic which was lost under Stalinist repressions. The Russian Ministry of Atomic Energy announced plans to build a new fast breeder reactor to evaporate the contaminated water of Lake Karachay, after which sludge wastes from the lake would be buried. The bloc of Communist parties wins the largest number of seats in the republic's parliamentary elections. (British Broadcasting Corporation 9/30/99), In an interview, Vladimir Semenov, head of Karachay -Cherkessia, explained that he was selecting his government, which would include Vasiliy Neshchadimov, [an ethnic Russian] general director of the Stavropoltruboprovodstroy organization, as head of the cabinet (elsewhere translated as prime minister), and four deputies: a Karachay, a Cherkess, an Abazin and a Nogay. The Russian Interior Minister refused the appeal, stating that there were already 2,000 Russian troops in the republic and blaming the problems on political mismanagement within the republican government. The Karachay-Cherkess republic and the Adygey republic sign a treaty of friendship and cooperation. Chechnya Weekly. Stanislav Derev reiterated his warning that, if Gen Vladimir Semenov was declared the winner of the May 16th elections, he would insist on the partitioning of the republic and the inclusion of the Cherkess lands in Stavropol Territory (British Broadcasting Corporation 6/11/99) The Assembly of the peoples of Karachay-Cherkessia, which included delegations from villages, settlements and hamlets of the republic, representatives of 28 public political parties and movements, members of the clergy and chiefs of the Kuban Cossack, condemned the ongoing unsanctioned rally in the central square of Cherkessk. The opposing sides were separated by police, but the Cherkessk law-enforcement agencies adopted no measures to lift the siege or ensure Semenov's safety. In the year 1990, the contamination got to the point where it could kill a person standing at the shore just in an hour. Still, leaving the waste in Lake Karachay is itself an extremely problematic thing to do. President Yeltsin confirms Vladimir Khubiyev as head of the Karachay-Cherkess republic, a position he has occupied since January 1933. The general won the election with over 75% of the vote. The president instructed Prime Minister Vladimir Putin to form the commission and approve its members within five days. . (British Broadcasting Corporation 3/10/96), The Russian government formally criticized the ongoing clean-up of a 1957 nuclear accident in Karachay-Cherkessia, which was considerably worse than the 1986 Chernobyl accident. 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